Epithets without Historical Precedence but whose Title seems appropriate given other epithets with said provenance. Please contact me with information that affirms that Hekate had these titles historically if there is such to be had.
I have used several of these epithets in ritual settings with good results. I’m particularly fond of Amaimaketos and Adamantaea.
(Oracular Table with Hekate’s names and imagery from Pergamum)
Unconquerable, Untamable Goddess: The name of one of the Nymphs that nursed Zeus. The meaning of the name
certainly applies to Hekate.
Agrotera: Huntress: Epithet for Artemis. Likely applied to Hekate through
Amaimaketos: Unconquerable, raging, invincible, uncontrollable: Associated with
the Chimera and with the Sea,
see Homer: The Poetry of the Past by
Andrew Ford (footnote no. 52 on p.
90) and Man, Myth, and Magic: an
illustrated encyclopedia of the
supernatural, vol. 1 by Richard Cavendish, 1971.
Apanchomene: The Hanged One: An epithet associated with Artemis.
Ox-Herder: As Hekate was historically
called Ox-Herder (Bookolos), the title fits.
Awe-inspiring, glorious, sublime:
Historically applied to Persephone. Yet the meaning of this epithet certainly applies to Hekate.
Ephoros: Guardian, overseer: Possibly
derived from the name Ephesos. No evidence of connection
to Hekate, though it seems appropriate.
Epi-tymbidia: sepulchral: Closely associated with Aphrodite.
Birth-helper: The Goddess of Childbirth
whose name came to be a title of Artemis
and Aphrodite. A class of goddesses of midwifery, the Genetillides. See A Dictionary
of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology by William Smith, 1873. Pausanias also highlights the
similarities between Hekate and Genetyllis.
of six-ways, of six hands. Several reliefs show Hekate with six hands, and thus
could apply. I simply haven’t
found an example of it being used historically.
Hiera: Holy One: Applies to the Gods certainly.
of the Threshold, Watcher of Havens, On the Harbor, Watching the Harbor: A title that applied to Zeus and
Artemis. Fits too well to Hekate’s nature to overlook as applicable. I know this one is attested, but I need to find
time to assemble the relevant sources.
Light of the Night, Night Shiner: A Latin epithet of Luna.
Manifester of Madness: This name is of uncertain origin. Hekate was certainly described as a Goddess who
could bring or cure madness.
Ophiothrix: Serpent-haired: created by me for the purposes of describing
Hekate’s snake- haired figure which is
found in various texts.
Wide-Shining: An epithet of Aphrodite.
Polyboteira: Generous Giver of Nourishment: I’ve yet to find evidence of this
specific epithet, though Kerenyi
describes Hekate as Nourishing.
Polyplokamos: of many Tentacles; with many Feelers: from an ancient poem. Waiting for the exact source before affirming this epithet.
Potnia Theron: Mistress of Animals, Lady of Wild Beasts: a title first found in
Minoan society, and applied to
various Goddesses. Rabinowitz in his book on Hekate hints at scholarly debate over the application of
this epithet to Hekate.
Prokathegetis: She who goes down before: Kathegetis means teacher or guide.
Hekate certainly fits.
Prytania: misunderstood to translate as “Invincible Queen of the
Dead” but it is more likely a
connection to the Council Chamber, the Prytania.: See The Symbolical Language of Ancient
Art and Mythology: An Inquiry by Richard Payne Knight, p. 26 for a discussion of the Prytania. The modern
(mis)understanding as Invincible Queen of the
Dead fits well. See the historical epithet Nertoron Prytanin, which actually
does mean Mistress of the Dead.
Purphoros: Fire-bearer: Applied to a wide range of deities, though as of yet I
haven’t found a direct reference
to Hekate Purphoros. Yet, the name fits suitably with Hekate Dadophoros.