Demeter of the harvest: “Celeus offered hospitality to Deò, the mother
of all life, along with his son Triptolemus and Metaneira, and She gave
them the fruit, so then Triptolemus, wetting the furrow of the earth,
discovered the sowing in his chariot of wheat, and then, when Celeus
died, Deò of the harvest wailed at the recent grave..” (Nonn. Dion. XIX
86). To this form of Demeter also corresponds
the Season, “the Maiden of the harvest” (θαλυσιὰς κούρη – Dion. XII
102), which is also the season connected with the ripening of the grapes
of the vine – the feast of Thalysia in fact also includes prayers in
honor of Dionysus (Men. Rh. p.391S). Thalysia indicates generally the
first fruits (to be offered to Artemis, in Il. IX 534), but in
particular a harvest festival in honor of Demeter, held in the height of
summer (Theocr. Id. 7). Hence, also the name of a type of bread offered
to Demeter, the θαλύσιος ἄρτος, a bread prepared with the first fruits
of the harvest (Athen. 3.114A). “… such a draught as ye Nymphs gave us
that day of your spring by the altar of Demeter of the Threshing-floor?
of Her, to wit, upon whose cornheap I pray I may yet again plant the
great purging-fan while She stands smiling by with wheat sheaves and
poppies in either hand.” (Theocr. 7, 147)

(Wreathed head of
Demeter facing left. Rev. META, grain ear with leaf to left, leaf and
pitchfork. Lucania, Metapontum, c.330-290 BCE, now in a private